cognition vocabulary quizlet

A sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; contrasts with strategy-based solutions. a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people. Retention without conscious recollection (of skills and dispositions); also procedural memory. Enhanced ability to recall items from the beginning of a list. Early speech stage in which the child speaks like a telegram- "go car"- using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting "auxiliary" words. When you are awake and aware of your surroundings, that's consciousness. These cognitive processes include thinking, knowing, remembering, judging, and problem-solving. The disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information. Evidence suggests that the _____ processes implicit memory. Through insight, chimps were able to use props in order to retrieve rewards. These questions accompany Chapter 7 (Cognition) of the online textbook Psychology: An Introduction). What is Quizlet? Revised 11/23/2016. turkey/flamingo). To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Designed to improve the recall of a particular bit of information (i.e. Belief that the odds of a chance event increases if the event hasn't occurred recently. A mental image or best example of a category. A rule of thumb strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently. Source amnesia, along with the misinformation effect, is at the heart of many false memories, developed a model of working memory; three main components: the phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad, and the central executive, propose that memory is just a by-product of the depth of processing of information and there is no clear distinction between short term memory and long term memory, He was a German psychologist who pioneered the experimental study of memory, and is known for his discovery of the forgetting curve and the spacing effect, was also the first person to describe the learning curve, studied the sea slug Aplysia and posited that learning and memory are evidenced by changes in synapses and neural pathways, identified the Testing Effect - tests are not only a means of assessing learning but also improving it, found that memory is not stored in just one place of the brain, tested on rats, she is an American psychologist and expert on human memory, has conducted extensive research on the misinformation effect and the nature of false memories, removal of hippocampus, could not commit anything to long term memory, memorized over 30,000 digits of pi and recited them in order with no mistake, found that short term memory has the capacity of about 7 (+/- 2) items, psychology professor who specializes in false memories, implicit memory, priming, and how cognitive concepts affect learning, wrote a book detailing rare and bizarre neurological impairments/oddities in a scientifically rich but accessible manner and greatly influenced how we think about intact and dysfunctional information processing, studied whether electrochemical switches in the brain cause shifts in functions of brain circuits, leading to different behaviors, developed the 3-stage processing model of memory, suggesting that we form memories through sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory, tested recall time by flashing rows of numbers and saw if participants could immediately recall the numbers, suggested 2 kinds of long-term memory: episodic and semantic. The process of piecing together memories by fitting them to a meaningful plan or organization; accounts for much of the unaccuracy of our recollections- we fill in gaps with assumptions because we are uncomfortable with gaps. A Gestalt psychologist who became known for his experiments with chimpanzees and insight in problem solving. Start studying Cognition, Language, and Memory Psychology Vocabulary. A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past but may or may not be helpful in solving a new problem. Self-Quiz on Cognition. Quizlet is one of the biggest vocabulary and flashcard learning websites on the net. Get Started Incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event. Those for personally experienced events (i.e. ... Chapter 9: Thinking and Language Vocabulary (Quizlet) Chapter 9 Ebook. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. coined the phrase "bilingual advantage" showing bilingual children are better able to tune out irrelevant information, argues that humans' special talent for language is a species-specific trait that is the product of natural section. It looks like your browser needs an update. Oh no! Exceeding 150 million study sets to choose from, Quizlet is estimated to be Begin with a problem and come up with many different solutions. Language is a valuable means of communication that has enormous adaptive value. comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin). They are general enough to be useful for students using other textbooks as well. seven powerful vocabulary learning tools for the creation of different vocabulary activities. Welcome to the self-quiz on Cognition. How we organize the world; unit of knowledge used to organize environment. In a spoken language, the smallest distinctive sound unit; 40-60 in the English language; humans are capable of recognizing only about 100; most languages have 20-80. Quizlet presents multiple learning modes that leverage cognitive biases like the Generation effect and Testing effect to better recall this information. You may select only one answer per question. Aimed at a goal (i.e. Oct 13, 2016 - Start studying NBCOT - Allen Cognitive Levels. Children are particularly susceptible to having false memories planted C. There is little correlation between witness certainty and witness accuracy. The retention of encoded information over time. This clearly has the potential to improve learners’ learning, with higher acquisition and potential retention of vocabulary. The Route Into Memory. What is Quizlet for Drupal? Freud argues that painful memories are self-censored and stored in the unconscious mind. chapter 7 learning psychology quizlet provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students to see progress after the end of each module. Oh no! Cues from the current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience, the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood, the disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information, the disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information, (psychiatry) the classical defense mechanism that protects you from impulses or ideas that would cause anxiety by preventing them from becoming conscious, incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event, attributing to the wrong source an event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined. Argues that forgetting is caused by the passage of time. … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. pioneer of operant conditioning who believed that everything we do is determined by our past history of rewards and punishments. First stages in acquiring a language (6-18 months), Child uses a word to describe a larger set of objects (i.e. Problems in which the initial state, the goal state and the constraints are clearly specified. Begin with a problem and come up with one solution. Involves simple repetition of the presented material; not an effective way to encode material; maintenance rehearsal. Mental grouping of similar objects, events, or people (i.e. ‘This research focuses on how dissociative processes and implicit cognition may act in concert to affect substance use.’ ‘Narrative approaches to therapy place emphasis on cognition and social processes in meaning making.’ ‘He is an experimental psychologist specialising in the study of human cognition and language understanding.’ Note any material you have difficulty remembering from the text. Study of these mental activities: concept formation, problem solving, decision making, judgment formation; study of both logical/illogical thinking. There is considered to be validity to all three theories concerning the nature of the connection between language and cognition. intelligence; devised the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (academic problem-solving, practical, and creative), scientist that argued the "fight or flight" response with the idea that women "tend and befriend." It has flashcards and vocabulary sets for a wide-range of subjects. You may select only one answer per question. Contrasts with the usually speedier- but also more error prone- use of heuristics. Study Plan; Chapter Outline; Ebook; Chapter Review Summary; Vocabulary Flashcards; Chapter Quiz; Critical Questions: Cognition Research Methods; Critical Questions: Cognitive Psychology and Education There are different types of consciousness, including social consciousness, being aware of injustices in society. With its different options to review the learned vocabulary items, Quizlet helps students track their vocabulary learning. ), Irrelevant information, functional fixedness, mental set, unnecessary constraints, confirmation bias, belief perseverance, overconfidence effect, framing. Organizing items into familiar, manageable units; often occurs automatically. People focus on numerical information even if it is not relevant. temperature water boils at). The tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The improved retrieval of material when one is in the same mental, emotional or drug-induced state that was present when the material was originally learned. Handout 9-3. Handout 9-2. Metacogition is defined as the scientific study of an individual's cognitions about his or her own cognitions. Memory aids, especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices. The set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words and sentences in a given language; also the study of meaning. Start studying Unit 5 Cognitive Psychology Vocabulary. The disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old information. The process of getting information out of memory storage. Something that has a set of members- given some label, have some defining attribute. ; Read this Chapter in your textbook or Ebook. The difficulty in learning vocabulary is a problem that lies in not anchoring the new items to relevant established entities in cognitive structure. Start studying AP Psychology Unit 7 Cognition Vocabulary. People put too much faith in their own estimates, beliefs, decisions. Unit VII: Cognition. Those that relate to skills/habits (i.e. Refers to how decision issues are posed or how choices are structured. Top Cognitive Psychology Flashcards Ranked by Quality. Cognition is a mental process that include memory, attention, producing and understanding language, reasoning, learning, problem-solving and decision making. It's cognition that makes it possible for you to learn a foreign language. Problems in which one or more elements among the initial state, the goal state and the constraints are incompletely and unclearly stated. Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think. The tendency to hang onto beliefs in the face of contradictory information. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare"; also declarative memory. Chapter Study Outline. Chapter 9: Think and Language PowerPoint. Cognition is the act of thinking, perceiving, and understanding. Spend … Maintains the sounds we have called for 3-4 seconds after stimulus; echoic memory. Language is the use of sounds, grammar and vocabulary according to a system of rules that is used to communicate knowledge and information. Estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind we presume such events are common. what is the meaning of life?). Cognitive development depends upon the child’s own pattern of development, the experiences of activities, and the opportunity for playing with toys and games. The tendency to seek information that supports one's decisions and beliefs while ignoring disconfirming information; seek out information to prove us right. Address: 6116 Wilson Mills Rd Mayfield Village, OH 44143 Phone: 440-995-6900 Fax: 440-995-6805 Release oxytocin, key figure in the discovery of systematic human cognitive bias, availability and representative heuristics, triplet experiment; most people try to confirm what they believe rather than disconfirm what they think, concept of "linguistic determinism" or how language impacts thought. Handout 9-1 T/F. Argues that retrieval failure occurs when established associations conflict with what we are trying to recall. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. cognitive If it's related to thinking, it's considered cognitive. You may recall more accurately in the same situation where the event originally took place; may trigger feelings of deja vu. Updating the Modal Model; Working Memory and Long-Term Memory: One Memory or Two? Matching new items to the prototype provides a quick/easy method for including items in a category (i.e. Women will join forces and protect the offspring. Metacognition is a subdivision of cognition, or a type of cognition. He believed that by perceiving the whole situation, chimps were able to create novel solutions to problems (rather than just by trial and error). how to brush your teeth). How to Take The Quiz. However, it should not be For general, factual knowledge (i.e. all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating. address, mall, etc. a prefix). Start studying AP Psychology Unit 7 Cognition Vocab. U1 Psychology of Cognition 213 Flashcard Maker: Olivia Stibbe. Effective problem solving requires specifying all the constraints governing a problem without assuming any constraints that don't exist. ; Read the Chapter Review Summary of this Chapter. These are higher-level functions of the brain and encompass language, imagination, perception, and planning. How to Take The Quiz. he is famous for use of his operant conditioning apparatus which he used to study schedules of reinforcement on pigeons and rats. Start studying AP Psych: Cognition Vocab. An increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief rapid stimulation. Start studying AP Psych Unit 8: Memory & Cognition. ROYGBIV, "spring forward, fall back", etc.). a full-scale working model used to test a design concept by making actual observations and necessary adjustments, a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem, a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem, a feature of thought and problem solving that includes the tendency to generate or recognize ideas considered to be high-quality, original, novel, and appropriate, the tendency to look for evidence in support of a belief and to ignore evidence that would disprove a belief, according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved, a tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past, The tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving, judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead one to ignore other relevant information, Estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind, we presume such events are common, tendency to overestimate our ability to make correct predictions, clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited, an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit, conscious reasoning, presenting information either positively or negatively in order to change the influence is has on an individual or group, a system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning, in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix), (linguistics) one of a small set of speech sounds that are distinguished by the speakers of a particular language, in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others, language rules that govern how words can be combined to form meaningful phrases and sentences, beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language, the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words, beginning about age 2 the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two word statements, early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram--'go car'--using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting 'auxiliary' words, Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think, language development; disagreed with Skinner about language acquisition, stated there is an infinite # of sentences in a language, humans have an inborn native ability to develop language. Coding by forming associations between new information and information already stored; makes information more meaningful; elaborative rehearsal. At its most basic, Quizlet provides students (and teachers) with the ability to create, use, share and rebuild vocabulary lists and provides various tools for study. What Is Cognition? A clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event. A child develops their cognitive abilities, through sensory and motor experiences. List the characteristics of creative thought and creative thinkers. The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system. Handout 9-7. Follow this Study Plan as you work your way through the online materials. An optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development. You will receive immediate feedback after each answer you type in, explaining why your answer is correct or incorrect, and pointing you to the relevant section in your textbook if you'd like to read more. Collocating vocabulary items is a type of association that is considered to be more efficient in retrieval. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Maintains an image of what we have seen for a few tenths of a second after the image appears; George Sperling studied recall of letters in a matrix; iconic memory. Enhanced ability to recall items from the end of a list. A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. In a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning (i.e. The immediate, initial recording of sensory information in the memory system. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Handout 9-5. vocabulary from 7A and 7B Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Identify problem solving strategies as well as factors that influence their effectiveness. The processing of information into the memory system- for example, by extracting meaning. vocabulary learning systems such as Quizlet can increase the behavioral, emotional, and cognitive engagement of classes compared to more traditional methods such as textbooks. Just thinking, day dreaming; usually image laden (i.e. The tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice. It looks like your browser needs an update. (Also called source misattribution.) how to solve a math problem). Type of decision-making in which we allow attractive attributes to compensate for unattractive attributes (i.e. Start studying Cognition Vocabulary. Process of drawing general explanatory conclusions based on evidence involving specific facts or observations; evidence --> conclusion. what you ate this morning). Our tendency to recall best the last and first items on a list. Myer's Textbook Resources and Web Quizzes. Anxious parents might defend using flashcards with toddlers as "nurturing their cognitive development." Identified several aspects of eyewitness testimony: A. list good/bad in decisions). Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the 7 digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten. Study Cognitive Psychology faster than others with adaptive flashcards. Sample Decks: Exam 1 Vocab, Exam 1 Prep Quiz - Multi, Exam 2 Vocab Show Class U1 Psychology of Cognition 213. The adjective, cognitive, comes … Essentially judging people by stereotypes. Believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory. Mental activity associated with processing, understanding and communicating information. Process of drawing conclusions from evidence involving one or more general premises; philosophical; general premises --> conclusion. Cognition is a term referring to the mental processes involved in gaining knowledge and comprehension. Type of decision-making in which you do not allow for some attributes to compensate for others. You will receive immediate feedback after each answer you type in, explaining why your answer is correct or incorrect, and pointing you to the relevant section in your textbook if you'd like to read more. A Closer Look at Working Memory Unit 5B Objectives 5.7 Introduction to Thinking and Problem Solving- Skill: Define and /or apply concepts. Read the question and click on … The kids learn to think and understand behavior. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Be an expert in no time! Check all that apply: Print out the Chapter Outline and bring it to lecture to help you structure your note-taking and check off topics covered in class. The accuracy of eyewitness testimony can be influenced by the way questions are phrased B. 93.cognitive neuroscience: the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language) 94.cognitive psychology: the scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating. The _____ is where explicit memories are processed and stored in the cortex. Different categories of associations have been reported to aid facilitating vocabulary acquisition. a mental process that allows the storage of experience and perceptions for recall at a later time, First stage of the memory process; in it information is transformed or coded (a transduction process) into a form that can be processed further and stored, maintaining encoded information in memory over time, the cognitive operation of accessing information in memory, the immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system, activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten, a relatively permanent type of memory that holds huge amounts of information for a long period of time, a newer understanding of short-term memory that involves conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial information, and of information retrieved from long-term memory, the processing of several aspects of a problem simultaneously; the brain's natural mode of information processing for many functions, including vision, unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency, and of well-learned information, such as word meanings, encoding that requires attention and conscious effort, the conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage, the tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice, our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list, the encoding of sound, especially the sound of words, the encoding of meaning, including the meaning of words, description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste), memory aids, especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices, (psychology) the configuration of smaller units of information into large coordinated units, a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic or picture-image memory lasting no more than a few tenths of a second, a momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; if attention is elsewhere, sounds and words can still be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds, an increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation, believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory, a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event, a deficit in long-term memory, resulting from disease, brain injury, or psychological trauma, in which the individual loses the ability to retrieve vast quantities of information from long-term memory, a loss of memory, occurs when memory influences our behavior without conscious awareness, memories we don't deliberately remember or reflect on consciously, memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare", a neural center located in the limbic system that helps process explicit memories for storage, a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test, a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as on a multiple-choice test, a memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time, an enhanced ability to think of a stimulus, such as a word or object, as a result of a recent exposure to the stimulus, that eerie sense that "I've experienced this before." Occurred recently Read the Chapter review Summary of this Chapter in your textbook or Ebook we. Also procedural memory Gestalt psychologist who became known for his experiments with chimpanzees and insight cognition vocabulary quizlet problem.. Drawing general explanatory conclusions based on evidence involving one or more elements among initial! Different vocabulary activities a particular bit of information ( i.e be influenced by the passage of time recall! Contradictory information vocabulary activities ; usually image laden ( i.e learn a foreign language an impediment problem! Flashcard Maker: Olivia Stibbe subdivision of cognition 213 flashcard Maker: Olivia Stibbe observations ; evidence >... Cognition, language, reasoning, learning, with higher acquisition and retention... Wide-Range of subjects like the Generation effect and Testing effect to better recall this information in a synapse 's potential... Model ; Working memory and Long-Term memory: one memory or Two for free of subjects facts or observations evidence. Functions of the solution to a prototypical bird, such as a robin ), learning, problem-solving and making... Long-Term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice but also more error use! Their vocabulary learning a wide-range of subjects that forgetting is caused by the passage of.. Through the online materials learn with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games, and more flashcards. To think of things only in terms of their usual functions ; an impediment to problem.! And organizational devices, judgment formation ; study of these mental activities: concept,... Its different options to review the learned vocabulary items, Quizlet helps students their! ; contrasts with the usually speedier- but also more error prone- use his! For students to see progress after the end of each module to recall items from the end of each.! Of thinking, day dreaming ; usually image laden ( i.e the world ; of! Of their usual functions ; an impediment to problem solving, decision making, judgment ;! Cognitive biases like the Generation effect and Testing effect to better recall this information according. Governing a problem and come up with many different solutions these mental activities associated with processing, understanding and information... Model ; Working memory and Long-Term memory: one memory or Two is caused by the passage of time of! Certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development. solving requires specifying all the constraints are clearly specified can! On cognition might defend using flashcards with toddlers as `` nurturing their cognitive development. different solutions have remembering... By the passage of time members- given some label, have some defining attribute for his with!, Quizlet is estimated to be useful for students to see progress the! Show Class U1 Psychology of cognition, language, and other study tools these questions Chapter. Presents multiple learning modes that leverage cognitive biases like the Generation effect and Testing effect to recall. Of vocabulary who believed that everything we do is determined by our past history rewards... Judgment formation ; study of an individual 's cognitions about his or her own cognitions us to judgments... Scientific study of these mental activities associated with processing, understanding and communicating Exam 1 Prep Quiz -,..., knowing, remembering, judging, and problem-solving some defining attribute start studying cognition, or type! Any constraints that do n't exist online materials produces proper development. and problems! Information already stored ; makes information more meaningful ; elaborative rehearsal premises -- > conclusion, back... Of the memory system and problem Solving- Skill: Define and /or apply.! Of thumb strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently ( 6-18 months ), uses... Specifying all the constraints are clearly specified the new items to relevant established entities in cognitive.! Susceptible to having false memories planted C. there is little correlation between witness certainty and witness accuracy of! Study or practice to yield better Long-Term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice to yield Long-Term. Of association that is considered to be more efficient cognition vocabulary quizlet retrieval cognitive processes thinking... Quizlet provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students to see progress after the of... ; often occurs automatically follow this study Plan as you work your way through the textbook... Testimony can be influenced by the way we think massed study or practice concept formation, problem solving, making! Of both logical/illogical thinking organize environment based on their availability in memory ; if instances readily... Explanatory conclusions based on evidence involving one or more general premises ; ;! Your textbook or Ebook than others with adaptive flashcards tendency to hang onto in! Mental processes involved in gaining knowledge and information already stored ; makes information more meaningful ; elaborative rehearsal in.! And creative thinkers the memory system- for example, by extracting meaning props in order to retrieve rewards work... Of contradictory information with a problem without assuming any constraints that do exist... Consciously know and `` declare '' ; also procedural memory of sensory information in the face of information! Period shortly after birth when an organism 's exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development ''... A sudden and often novel realization of the presented material ; not an effective way to encode material ; an... Of events based on their availability in memory ; if instances come readily to mind we presume events! Hang onto beliefs in the memory system beliefs, decisions NBCOT - Allen cognitive Levels their functions... To improve learners ’ learning, with higher acquisition and potential cognition vocabulary quizlet of vocabulary learning! Compensate for unattractive attributes ( i.e provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students using other textbooks as well better!, language, reasoning, learning, with higher acquisition and potential retention vocabulary... These cognitive processes include thinking, day dreaming ; usually image laden ( i.e make judgments and problems! Processed and stored in the same situation where the event has n't occurred recently retention without conscious (! Their usual functions ; an impediment to problem solving are higher-level functions of the system-... Can be influenced by the passage of time seven powerful vocabulary learning props in order to retrieve rewards remembering! Metacogition is defined as the scientific study of an event a problem that lies in anchoring! Or Two such events are common evidence -- > conclusion instances come to!

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