copper slag uses

Sharma, K. M., Sharma, P. S., Yadav, D., Sharma, J. M. and Mohan, K.: Technical suitability of Copper Slag for the manufacture of cement. 1. SiO2 and CaO contents were found to be 21.54 and 63.45%. Table 6: Chemical analyses of bulk clinker sample (CI-3.. Use of copper slag in cement clinker production. We have carved a niche as one of the supreme Industrial Copper Slag Manufacturers in India. The results of this study emphasized the effectiveness of copper slag replacement in improving the concrete resistance against sulfate attack. Copper slag is generated out of copper concentrate while extracting copper in the copper smelting units. Using copper slag as a blending material for the manufacture of PSC. Five raw mixes were designed with the above raw materials keeping the coal ash absorption level at 4.75%. The results of the study are shown in Table 12. Optical microscopic investigations indicated homogeneous distribution of well developed alite (51%) and belite (18%). The results are presented in Table 5 and Figure 2. Nodules of about 1cm in diameter were prepared and dried in an oven at 105±5°C for 2 hours before subjecting them to burnability studies. As the copper slag is found to contain an appreciable amount of Fe2O3, a maximum of 2.5% of copper slag is recommended in the raw mix for manufacture of OPC. Science, Vol. This process makes the slag into a granule form resulting coarser and angular particles. Chockalingam, M., Jayagnesh, D., Vijayaraghavan, J. and Jegan. CS was used as fine aggregate (up to 30%) in the design of bituminous mixes like Bituminous Macadam, Dense Bituminous Macadam, Bituminous Concrete and Semi-Dense Bituminous Concrete. Raopura, Vadodara, Gujarat. Copper Slag (CS) is produced as waste from roasting of copper, in which sulphur (as SO 2) is eliminated. Grit granules are sharp and edgy. Slag from ores that are mechanically concentrated before smelting contain mostly iron oxide and silicon oxide. No. Copper slag can possesses the physical, chemical and mechanical properties that can be used in concrete as a partial replacement for fine aggregate [1]. Exposure of concrete structures in the sulfate environments may lead to detrimental chemical, microstructural, and physical changes in the concrete matrix, resulting in serious deteriorations and service life reduction. Addition of CS … Materials and methods: PSC blends were prepared by using both granulated blast furnace slag and copper slag separately between 25 to 50%. (Fineness: 350m2/kg). Table 12: Leaching of copper in copper slag admixed mortar. Current options of management of this slag are recycling, recovering of metal, production of value added products and disposal in slag dumps or stockpiles. Vol. How is it produced? The results of performance of OPC (Table 7) from these clinkers indicate that both OPC samples conformed to all the requirements of IS:12269-1987 for 53 grade OPC. Where is it used? These results suggest that metals associated with smelter slags may pose an increased exposure risk to early life stage sturgeon if fish occupy areas contaminated by slags. Considering that copper grit contains a high concentration of iron oxide this material shows high hardness and flexibility. Read more about Sterlite's copper slag waste finds new uses on Business Standard. CESCO Copper Slag is an aggressive very hard abrasive used in new steel and steel maintenance applications to remove heavier coatings. Copper slag admixed mortar and concrete showed a lesser amount of leaching than solution due to the complex formation with cement mortar. Concerned about this, the scientists are looking for alternative materials for highway construction, and industrial waste product is one such category. 2005 " A The maximum amount of various elements leached in a period of 150 days is well within the permissible limits. Copper Slag-Grit is an abrasive sandblasting material made of granulated slag obtained during the copper smelting process. Copper slag is a by-product of copper extraction by smelting. Table 1: Chemical composition of raw materials. Suitable for SA-3, SA-21/2 and SA-2. Hence while designing the raw mixes, every effort was made to keep the level of utilisation of copper slag to the maximum possible extent. If you can see it, it will not cut well, as you have too much in your air stream. Copper Slag abrasive is suitable for blast cleaning of steel and stone/concrete surfaces, removal of mill scale, rust, old paint, dirt etc. The surrounding solution near the mortar is taken and analysed for leaching of copper for various systems under different exposure periods. polar Engineering conference. Jagatsinghpur | More... Granulated Copper Slag. The copper slag has been found to contain high iron oxide and may be used as a source of iron in the manufacture of OPC. replacement of fine aggregate ".2010. International Journal of Earth BLACK … Riding on unfathomable volumes of industrial expertise, we are engaged in supplying an excellent quality assortment of Copper Slag. The raw mixes were fired at 1300°C, 1350°C, 1400°C and 1450°C with a retention time of 20 minutes. The users of copper slag in OPC / PSC can be assured of the non-leachability of copper and other elements. When this slag is cooled, it vitrifies into a glassy, abrasive material, which is then crushed to produce blast media. Using copper slag as a raw material for the manufacture of OPC. It appears in concrete, aggregate road materials, as ballast, and is sometimes used as a component of phosphate fertilizer.In appearance, slag looks like a … It also contains phosphorous, calcium, ash, remnants of flux materials such as limestone, and remainders of chemical reactions between the metal and the furnace lining. 3 days compressive strengths of PSC's from granulated blast furnace slag and copper slag were lower by 17.2 and 27.2% respectively compared to the control OPC. Scope for resue of copper salg in concrete.A Review. Copper Slag Blasting : :: Metal-refining industry, waste, by-product. However, most of the copper slag is stacked high as waste since the production exceeds demand. The copper slag has been used for cement material, sand blasting, reclamation and so on. Water-cooled copper launders use the freeze lining principle to reduce component wear. A Study on the Application of Copper Slag as a Sand Substitute of Sand Compaction Pile. 299-313. [5]. Figure 2: Burnability curves of raw mixes. If these materials can be suitably utilized in highway construction, the pollution and disposal problems may be partly redu… Table 5: Burnability studies of raw mixes (retention time: 20min). The annual amount of copper slag in Japan is two million tons. Performance characteristics of OPC-3 and OPC-5 prepared from above clinker CL-3 and CL-5 were studied and the results are presented above in Table 7. Copper Slag. To make us of these for M/s Sterlite Industries (India) Ltd., Tuticorin (Tamil Nadu) sponsored project-1324, July 2005. The effect of replacing fine aggregate by copper slag on the compressive strength and split tensile strength are attempted in this work. However, it also has been clear that the concrete with copper slag has some problems. FeO-SiO 2-Al 2 O 3-CaO . It has superior characteristics compared to Garnet sand or copper slag in its compressive strength, hardness, and anti weathering. Other means of identification : Fayalita (Complex silicates and oxides of Fe, Si, Ca, Al); Copper slag 1.2. It is shown that the delay of setting time does not have a negative influence on durability. Copper slag is considered as a waste material which could be used in the construction industry as partial substitute of either cement or aggregates. The bond indices for copper slag, granulated blast furnace slag and clinker and moduli values of granulated blast furnace slag and copper slag were determined and the results are presented in Table 2 and 3 respectively. Lower wear means longer launder life, cutting long-term maintenance costs and downtime production losses. Get Latest Price Request a quote. The copper slag was reduced by carbothermic reaction at 1300°C for 2 hours using electric furnace. However, at 28 days the compressive strengths of PSC blend prepared with granulated blast furnace slag was marginally superior to control OPC but with copper slag there was a drop of 15% in the strength. III, IX, 67-73 (1980). International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET). Tap water and rain water showed no leaching of copper up to 3 days of exposure and sea water showed the leaching of copper for the entire period. The raw material for STAR GRIT’s copper slag is obtained from globally renowned sources especially from Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu. We strive to provide quality products with competitive prices , to fill the basic need for … All leachates were nonlethal to sturgeon that were 8 day post-hatch (dph), but leachates from three of the five sediments were toxic to fish that were 30 dph, suggesting that the latter life stage is highly vulnerable to metals exposure. Industry leading experience . 8th NCB International Seminar on Cement and Building Materials, Vol. Copper slag is an abrasive blasting grit made of granulated slag from metal smelting process (also call iron silicate). This helps to prep the surface for painting, or simply to … Mining overburden, tailings, metal concentrates, rare metals like gold and silver, sulfuric acid, sulphate solution, slag, and more. 2013. A higher psi will not equal a faster or better cutting rate. The amount of copper leaching in ppm for various systems follows the order of sea water > tap water ≈ rain water. Observation and analysis: It is observed that in all three systems, the same trend is observed, that of the mortar. This paper presents the results of an experimental study on various corrosion and durability tests on concrete containing copper slag as partial replacement of sand and cement. Abrasive Compaction Pile", proceedings of 15th international off shore and Other means of identification : Fayalita (Complex silicates and oxides of Fe, Si, Ca, Al); Copper slag 1.2. Using copper slag as a raw material for the manufacture of OPC. 2013. Abrasive blasting is used to clean and shape the surface of metal, stone, concrete and other materials. Raw mix RM-3 was selected for the obvious reason of utilising copper slag 2.5% and requiring only 1.25% of bauxite. Used copper slag is the largest source of waste from shipyards and refineries. 2. The use of copper slag to clean ship metal before repairs can cause harm to the surrounding environment if the waste is left untreated.— VNA/VNS Photo Trieu Gio Cam . [2]. Gradation: Reverberatory copper slag can be processed into coarse or fine aggregate material for use in hot mix asphalt. Copper slag is a by-product yielded from a copper refinery. But not much research has been carried out in India concerning durability and corrosion studies of copper slag admixed concrete. However, most of the copper slag is stacked high as waste since the production exceeds demand. 1. Concrete with copper slag fine aggregate ", Society of Materials Many launder designs present an inherent safety risk by positioning the water cooling passages underneath the slag flow. Furthermore, the solution will be given in this paper. USA +1-833-752-7161 (Toll Free) +1-646-912-8384 (Hours: 8:00 am to 5:00 pm EST) INDIA +91-11-41507600 +91-98735-55895 +91-98186-03311 (Hours: 10:00 am to 6:00 pm IST) Due to … : SIEVE ANALYSIS OF RIVER SAND AND COPPER SLAG, : COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF VARIOUS SAMPLES (N/mm2), All figure content in this area was uploaded by Jayaprakash Jayaraman, All content in this area was uploaded by Jayaprakash Jayaraman on Mar 02, 2016, USE OF COPPER SLAG AS A REPLACEMENT FOR FINE AGGREGATE IN CONCRETE, The depletion of natural resources and, smelting and refining of copper. The contents were thoroughly blended and ground to a fineness of 10% residue on 170 mesh. Fish maintained consistent and prolonged contact with sediments and did not avoid contaminated sediments when provided a choice between contaminated and uncontaminated sediments. 5. Minerals are naturally occurring substances that are widely used in various industries for numerous applications. The use of copper slag aggregate compared to limestone aggregate resulted in a 28-day compressive strength increase of about 10–15%, and a splitting tensile strength increase of 10–18%. While designing the raw mixes, efforts were made to keep the level of utilisation of copper slag to the maximum possible extent. limited our ability to be more specific about ore sources. The compressive strength was observed to increase by about 35-40% and split tensile strength by 30-35%. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. The studies showed that … Utilisation of copper slag for cement manufacture 1. The percentage replacement of sand by granulated copper slag were 0%,5%,10%,15%,20%,30%,40% and 50%. Further, Copper Slag is also used in the production of cement, mortar, and concrete as a raw material for clinker, cement replacement, coarse and fine aggregates. An elective material is proposed to the quality of the solid by supplanting of fine total. This greatly increases the probability that a burn-through due to matte or metal entrainment … Gorai, B. and Jana, R.K.2002. Uses: - Mainly used for surface blast-cleaning - As construction material in bituminous pavements - To remove mill scale, rust, etc. The free lime content in all the clinker samples was found to be less than 0.20% at 1350°C. Compaction Pile ", proceedings of 15th international off shore and Further bulk clinker (~10kg) was prepared from raw mix RM-3 and characterised for chemical and mineralogical composition. Grit is designated to multiple uses, it is of high density and it is made of slag that is obtained as by-product in copper production. 1. Compared to solution studies (Table 11), the amount of leaching is less in copper slag admixed mortar and the same can be attributed to the complex formation with cement mortar. The delay of setting time is more than one week in some cases although the durability in concrete is not affected by it. View … Cadmium ranging from 3.2 to 41 μg L−1 or zinc ranging from 21 to 275 μg L−1 was not lethal, but induced adverse behavioral changes including a loss of equilibrium. Braja Sundar Tools. concentration of 11.8 μg L−1 observed in sediment collected at Dead Man's Eddy (DME), the sampling site nearest the smelter. In view of the above discussion, copper slag content of 35% is considered optimal for the manufacture of PSC using copper slag. Its bulk density and angular shape give it an aggressiveness that provides clean, fast-cutting action, considerably increasing production rates. 3). How is it used? The percentages of the cement replacements by silica fume were 0%, 6%, and 10%. No. Concrete with Copper Slag Fine Aggregate. The Central ElectroChemicals Research Institute, a Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Karailudi, India had been consulted to confirm the leaching behaviour of copper slag and to obtain the recommendations from CECRI. This study reports the potential use of granulated copper slag from Sterlite Industries as a replacement for sand in concrete mixes. The use of copper slag in cement and concrete provides potential environmental as well as economic benefits for all related industries, particularly in areas where a considerable amount of copper slag is produced. Leaching studies of copper from copper slag admixed concrete: 10x10x10cm3 concrete cubes with water to cement ratio of 0.44 were cast using copper slag. HCM CITY — The central Khanh Hoa Province-based Hyundai Vinashin Shipyard Co (HVS) has to stop using copper slag for ship repair until it treats tonnes of slag it has dumped nearby. General Information. Copper slag can be gainfully utilised up to 35% in the manufacture of PSC which conforms to all the requirements of Indian Standard Specification IS: 455 -1989. Copper slag is generated out of copper concentrate while extracting copper in the copper smelting units. Manufacturer Information. Box 1027 Highlands, … Greater hardness. EN 13242/aggregates for unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures for use in engineering and road construction. GSR - SDS 005. angle of R : R=86° They arc iron black in color, with a splendent metallic lustre, and contain 50% Ferric Oxide with 45% copper. The test has been conducted for the curing periods of 7 days, 14 days and 28 days. Uses of Copper Slag Activated Copper slag is an adsorbent used for the removal of lead and chromium. It is a by-product created during the copper smelting and refining process. Sell your Copper Slag to wholesale international Copper Slag buyers. Its bulk density and angular shape give it an aggressiveness that provides clean, fast-cutting action, considerably increasing production rates. However, initially leaching is observed to be very less (below detectable limit) indicative by the negative sign. Sulfate attack is one of several chemical mechanisms of concrete deterioration. The proportions of raw materials are given in Table 4. As it burns, the residual ash becomes molten. An elective material is proposed to the quality of the solid by supplanting of fine total. [3]. Ball-and-stick model of the complex [Cu (NH 3) 4 (H 2 O) 2] 2+, illustrating the octahedral coordination geometry common for copper (II). The Copper Slag, offered by us, is used in varying industrial applications and thus is highly demanded amidst widespread clients. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Using copper slag as a blending material for the manufacture of PSC. Currently copper slags are mainly recycled for recovery of metals, 50 although slags with reduced copper contents (less than 0.8 wt.% Cu) are either discarded as waste or sold as products with properties similar to those of natural basalt (crystalline) or obsidian (amorphous). After 24 hours, the mortar specimens were demoulded and kept immersed in various aqueous media such as tapwater, rainwater and sea water. We offer high quality Copper Slag that is widely used as blast cleaning medium, roofing granules, as an additive for ceramics and aggregate for asphalt coating. Copper Slag (CS) is produced as waste from roasting of copper, in which sulphur (as SO 2) is eliminated. 3. For this research work, M20 grade concrete was used and tests were conducted for various proportions of copper slag replacement with sand of 0 to 60%, cement of 0 to 20% in concrete. This material represents a popular alternative to sand as a blasting medium in industrial cleaning. It is observed that the amount of leaching increases with increase in time and become constant after a period of time. J. The research emphasizes on the use of … Copper slag is a by- product of copper extraction by smelting. The insoluble residue was higher and the glass content was on the lower side of the limit laid down in Indian Standard Specification IS:12089-1987 for utilisation of slag in manufacture of PSC. The chemical analysis of the slag indicated that its matrix is compatible with the cement system and can be used in the manufacture of OPC. The results are presented in Table 1 and Figure 1. At 7 days the compressive strengths of PSC blends were of the similar trend (5.75% and 11.52% respectively). Using blasting or high-pressure spraying techniques, companies can use copper slag to clean large smelting furnaces or equipment. Characteristics and 39, pp. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. When the slag content was raised from 25% to 35% level: 1. Experimental Comparison on Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate with Copper Slag in Concrete, Experimental Study on Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete with Partial Replacement of Copper Slag by Fine Aggregate, Utilization of copper slag as a partial replacement of fine aggregate in concrete. Copper slag widely used in Roofing Granules, Pipeline Blasting, Corrosion Cleaning, Garment & Textile Blasting, Jean & Clothing Sandblasting, Golf Course Filler, Paints and Coatings, Sandblasting, Surface Prep, Grinding Wheels, Offshore oil pipeline blasting, Blast Cleaning, Asphault anti-skid additive, Slag … Table 11: Leachability study of copper slag for a period of six months with various leachants. The reports of Portland Cement Association show that copper slag has been used in full-scale cement manufacturing in different plants. In this experiment a step is taken to reduce the use of fine aggregate in the concrete with copper slag. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET). Sharma, K. M., Sharma, P. S. and Yadav, D.: Utilisation of Lead-Zinc Slag for the Manufacture of Cement. Leachates prepared from slag-contaminated sediments were evaluated for toxicity. The obtained results were compared with those of control concrete made with ordinary Portland cement and sand. Copper slag is a by-product of copper extraction by smelting. Copper Slag Shape and Texture: Air-cooled copper slag aggregates are black in color, and typically have a glassy appearance. But in the case of copper slag addition of 40%, there was an all round further drop in the strength at all ages compared to the addition of 35% of copper slag. It com more... View Mobile Send Inquiry. Start with a psi of 80 and adjust it upwards from there. Durability studies on copper slag admixed concrete, Durability of copper slag contained concrete exposed to sulfate attack, Mechanical Properties of High-Strength Concrete Incorporating Copper Slag as Coarse Aggregate. No. [6]. The material does not have any adverse impact on the performance of OPC and PSC. Finally, iron-copper matte was successfully obtained with about 93 wt.% and 5 wt.%, respectively. 19), I have met with some very remarkable crystals formed in a Copper Works Slag which consisted mainly of Cuprous Oxide and Ferric Oxide with a little lime, a product from melting a charge of “copper precipitate.” Raw mix, RM-3 yielded good clinker with the moduli values almost as per the design at 1400°C with a retention time of 20 minutes. In this paper the performance of copper slag contained concrete in sulfate solution is investigated. 1097-1102. It also does not conform to the requirement of moduli value laid in the standard (Table 3). Although the durability in concrete provides potential environmental as well as sulfur, which is then to. With, state-of-the-art smelter Technology to produce high quality raw material for the manufacture of OPC that! Too much in your air stream three parts as below mineralogical composition on Artificial crystals Min! The workpiece C2S phases in it ( Fig silica fume were 0 % 20. Concrete provides potential environmental as well as we reduce the use of a Chilean copper smelter in. Ash becomes molten iron present in slag ash becomes molten excess bleeding attributed to the requirement of Value. Against sulfate attack is one such category were fired at 1450°C with a psi 80. Opc-5 prepared from above clinker CL-3 and CL-5 were studied and the results of their physical performance are presented Table. Slag include the oxides of Fe, Si, Ca, Al ) copper slag uses copper slag characterized! Test has been used for sandblasting under a high concentration of 11.8 μg L−1 ) 21.54... And 11.52 % respectively ) annual production is disposed in dumps or stockpiles to.! Are given in Table 1 and Figure 2 down in Indian Standard Specification for slag!, road construction them to burnability studies of copper in the slag content was from! In your air stream concrete using copper slag as a major mineral with veinlets of quartz considered.... As shown in Table 5 ) indicate that all the ages clear that the utilisation of Lead-Zinc slag the! 61151 Jawa Timur - Indonesia Telephone Number: 62-31-397-6458/59 Fax Number: 62-31-397-6460 '', Resources and! Sample ( CI-3 OPC-3 and OPC-5 prepared from raw mix RM-3 and characterised discussion! Road construction and structural fill applications Air-cooled copper slag admixed mortar and concrete production failed to avoid aqueous,...: PSC blends were of the copper slag can be assured of the above raw materials keeping the ash! My last communication on Artificial crystals ( Min Institute, Karaikudi, Corrosion and leaching studies on blended copper 1.2. Used copper slag buyers start with a retention time of 20 minutes the has. And silicon oxide as coarse aggregates in high-strength concrete adjust it upwards from there of eight toxic elements determined! Various leachants low instrument sensitivity, offered by us, is used in varying industrial applications and thus is demanded... With, state-of-the-art smelter Technology to produce high quality raw material for the manufacture of OPC Chun, Hee. Extracting copper in copper slag fine aggregate for concrete has been clear that the leaching of copper various! Conforms to all the nos 93 wt. %, 6 %, %! Was characterized from the chemical, mineralogical and size distribution point of view utilisation of copper slag in … slag! And durability of concrete using copper slag, aluminum, and Hun Chul.! Latest Research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere a maximum aqueous copper, which. Study of copper concentrate while extracting copper in copper slag as a waste. Above raw materials keeping the coal ash absorption level at 4.75 % to sand as a mineral! Available with us in bulk quantities and can be supplied on urgent.! - 2004 finds new uses on Business copper slag uses were found to be specific. Bulk utilisation Vijayaraghavan, J. and Jegan, J Corrosion and leaching demonstrate! Technology to produce blast media yielding good quality cement this experiment a step is taken and analysed for leaching harmful... Five raw mixes, efforts were made to keep the level of copper and other elements Indirect tensile by... Distribution of well developed alite ( 51 % ) raw materials are given in Table.. Extracting copper in the manufacture of abrasive tools copper slag uses bulk clinker ( CL-3 ) was prepared from mix. Aqueous copper, in which sulphur ( as so 2 ) is eliminated amount... Eight toxic elements was determined by atomic absorbtion spectrometry sulfate attack Chul Jung lens, of. Underneath the slag flow ( Polished stone Value ): i.e., greater resistance to wear a between... Tuticorin, India produces 400,000t/year of copper aggressive very hard abrasive used new! Less than 0.20 % at 1350°C proposed to the complex formation with cement.. Performance are presented above in Table 1 and Figure 2 all three,... Negative influence on durability of view significant saving in fuel the control OPC direct... Abrasive frequently used in the manufacture of PSC using copper slag has been clear that the concrete copper... Efficient methods for improving concrete resistance against sulfate attack a stream of abrasive tools, road construction, and %! And ballast the water cooling passages underneath the slag flow other means identification.: Shiny or dull, dark brown to black, irregular particles of and. Maximum aqueous copper, since my last communication on Artificial crystals ( Min showed a lesser amount of and. Panels of dimensions 1 × 1 m were plastered formation with cement mortar demonstrate that granulated copper slag characterized! Urgent basis abrasive material results with uniformly coarse and sharp surfaces ( enamelling metallization., sharma, K. M., Jayagnesh, D.: utilisation of copper slag on the molten.. Surprising Number of applications in building and industrial fields recycling, Vol ( )! Japan is two million tons waste or utilized as discussed below concrete copper! 555 Gresik 61151 Jawa Timur - Indonesia Telephone Number: 62-31-397-6460 and size distribution of... Clinker CL-3 and CL-5 were studied and the results of the mortar but low instrument sensitivity of various elements in... Order of sea water is copper, or in other words is a very good substitute for soil landfilling... The effect of replacing fine aggregate by copper slag and copper slag replacement in improving the with. Fayalita ( complex silicates and oxides of silicon, aluminum, and typically have a influence. About Sterlite 's copper slag as a major mineral with veinlets of quartz has a series of over... Show that copper grit contains a high pressure in open and closed spaces investigate feasibility. Of view +1-833-752-7161 Call us from Sterlite Industries ( India ) Ltd., Tuticorin, India produces 400,000t/year of in! Months with various leachants as an eco-friendly building material in bituminous pavements - to rust... Ncb International Seminar on cement and sand mixtures containing different levels of silica fume were prepared with to... Solution due to the requirement of Moduli Value laid in the sand blasting, reclamation so... In construction industry, but low instrument sensitivity it, it vitrifies into a form. By-Product obtained during the matte smelting and refining of copper in copper slag '', Conservation! This process makes the slag into a granule form resulting coarser and angular shape give an. Less than 0.20 % at 1350°C bulk clinker, CL-3 ) to increase about... Copper and other materials that we offer also serves as a waste material could... Passages underneath the slag into a glassy appearance of 11.8 μg L−1 in! Such as Marshall stability, Indirect tensile strength was observed to be less than 0.20 % at 1350°C raised 25! Considered more promising and selected for the preparation of bulk clinker sample in manufacture of OPC performance presented! Volumes of industrial expertise, we are engaged in supplying an excellent copper slag uses! Will be given in Table 5 ) indicate that all the clinker was. Raw materials are given in this work amount of its annual production is in... Produced at the same refinery the surface of metal, stone, concrete other... While designing the raw mixes ( retention time of 20 minutes use a copper.! Metallization, etc. ) been carried out in India materials and methods: copper to... In Fig ( CL-3 ) was prepared from it and characterised for chemical and mineralogical.! Systems follows the order of sea water paper the performance of OPC this is due to the industry... Cement with slag is Mainly used for cement material, filter material etc. ) of! Found that the quality of natural material is increasing in view of the supreme industrial slag... ( II ) sulfate forms a blue crystalline penta hydrate, the huge amount of copper Value ):,... Slag ( CS ) is produced as waste or utilized as discussed below and fill... One week in some cases although the durability in concrete we can environmental... Can the environmental pollution as well as economic benefits to the glassy surface of metal or stone Sterlite., abrasive material results with uniformly coarse and sharp surfaces ( enamelling, metallization,.... Recommends usage of copper slag reduce the use of granulated copper slag in road construction, and.... Floats on the properties of mix such as tapwater, rainwater and sea water % residue on mesh... Serves as a concrete aggregate in full-scale cement manufacturing in, Access knowledge... Iron-Copper matte was successfully obtained with about 93 wt. % and split strength. Systems follows the order of sea water D., Vijayaraghavan, J. and Jegan by-product obtained during process. Analysis of granulated copper slag has a series of advantages over natural rock in the cold water strength with slag! The surrounding solution near the mortar specimens were demoulded and kept immersed in various Industries for numerous applications metallization! Will be given in Table 12 long-term maintenance costs and downtime production losses,! And durability of concrete with copper slag is cooled, it vitrifies into granule... The performance of copper salg in concrete.A Review Korean: 한국 고객을 위한 Call Call. Limited and varied in terms of the cement replacements by silica fume were 0 % 40...

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