biotechnology research topics list

Artificial insemination (AI) involves the extraction and collection of semen together with techniques for depositing semen in the uterus in order to achieve successful fertilization and pregnancy. The concept of zymotechnology associated principally with the brewing of beer began to appear too limited to its principal exponents. Hopefully, our biotechnology topics list will help you reach academic success and improve your academic performance! Yet the science and technology of fermentation had a wide range of applications including the manufacture of foods (cheese, yogurt, wine, vinegar, and tea), of commodities (tobacco and leather), and of chemicals (lactic acid, citric acid, and the enzyme takaminase). There are also a variety of biotech companies that are coming out with treatments for patients dealing with major illnesses such as breast cancer. At present selection is purely on disease grounds and selection for other traits (e.g., for eye or hair color, intelligence, height) cannot yet be done, though there are concerns for eugenics and ‘‘designer babies.’’ Screening is available for an increasing number of metabolic diseases through tandem mass spectrometry, which uses less blood per test, allows testing for many conditions simultaneously, and has a very low false-positive rate as compared to conventional Guthrie testing. Large networks of academic and government laboratories and pharmaceutical manufacturers in Britain and the U.S. were coordinated by agencies of the two governments. It was with this meaning that the word ‘‘Biotechnologie’’ entered German dictionaries in the 1920s. Biopolymers are natural polymers, long-chained molecules (macromolecules) consisting mostly of a repeated composition of building blocks or monomers that are formed and utilized by living organisms. Humans are born without bacteria and acquire them over the first few years of life. These technologies emerged within the context of rapidly changing social and legal contexts with regard to the medicalization of pregnancy and birth and the legalization of abortion. Current Research in Biotechnology (CRBIOT) is a new primary research, gold open access journal from Elsevier.CRBIOT publishes original papers and short communications (including viewpoints and perspectives) resulting from research in biotechnology and biotech-associated disciplines.. Current Research in Biotechnology is a peer-reviewed gold open access (OA) journal and upon acceptance … In a desire to avoid potentially negative forms of language, many prefer to substitute ‘‘cell expansion techniques’’ or ‘‘therapeutic cloning’’ for cloning. Before World War I he had characterized the technological evolution of mankind as a move from the paleotechnic era of coal and iron to the neotechnic era of chemicals, electricity, and steel. The rise of genetic engineering may be characterized by developments during the last three decades of the twentieth century. The results of the experiment were startling—for the first time scientists visualized actual nerve growth as it would happen in a living organism—and many other scientists across the U.S. and Europe took up culture techniques. Medical biotechnology is the use of living cells and cell materials to research and produce pharmaceutical and diagnostic products that help treat and prevent human diseases.Most medical biotechnologists work in academic or industrial settings. This event signaled the commercial potential of biotechnology to business and governments around the world. During the early 1970s what had been science fiction became fact as the use of DNA synthesis, restriction enzymes, and plasmids were integrated. This search strategy yielded publications that mentioned the words biotech, biotechnology or their derivatives in the title, abstract, or keywords. When the natural mold was bombarded with high-frequency radiation, far more productive mutants were produced, and subsequently all the medicine was made using the product of these man-made cells. Submit biotechnology research projects to us at info.1000projects{at}gmail.com. By the early 1980s there were widespread hopes that the protein interferon, made with some novel organism, would provide a cure for cancer. note: we will send you the abstract,table of content and chapter one of your approved topic for free. According to Albert Szent-Györgyi, the Nobel Prize winner in the field of Biochemistry, Research is to what everybody else has seen, and to think what nobody else has thought. Many of the species used in farming reflect long-term alterations to enhance meat, milk, and fleece yields. Biotechnology contributes to developments in areas like agriculture, food production and security, climate control and medicine. He suggested that it presaged an industrial revolution that would follow the transformation of chemical technology. The final report is modeled after a research article and rivals theses required by other MS in biotechnology programs. An unanticipated combination of genetics, biochemistry, chemistry, and chemical engineering skills had been required. Discuss the problem of rising number of people with Type 2 diabetes in the United States and suggest the ways of its solving. Following the requests of many students, we have created a common biotechnology topics list that covers all interesting topics in this subject. For instance, in the 1997 article by Ian Wilmut and colleagues announcing the birth of the first cloned adult vertebrate (a ewe, Dolly the sheep) from somatic cell nuclear transfer, the word clone or cloning was never used, and yet the announcement raised considerable disquiet about the prospect of cloned human beings. choose from the list of topics below. List of popular genetics topics. Support your answer. The use of the word ‘‘cloning’’ is fraught with confusion and inconsistency, and it is important at the outset of this discussion to offer definitional clarification. First, genes from one organism can be extracted and recombined with those of another (using recombinant DNA, or rDNA, technology) without either organism having to be of the same species. By the 1950s penicillin was cheap to produce and globally available. Many governments were impressed by these advances in molecular genetics, which seemed to make biotechnology a potential counterpart to information technology in a third industrial revolution. At the close of the twentieth century, genetic engineering promised to revolutionize many industries, including microbial biotechnology, agriculture, and medicine. The second was a search for chemicals that would have the same effect (chemotherapy). In addition, cell culturing continues to play a crucial role in fields such as cytology, embryology, radiology, and molecular genetics. The first was a search for naturally occurring substances that were effective against microorganisms (antibiosis). These were apparently maturing, and the succession was far from clear. Modern animal breeding relies on scientific methods to control production of domesticated animals, both livestock and pets, which exhibit desired physical and behavioral traits. The principle behind chemotherapy was that there was a relationship between chemical structure and pharmacological action. Scientists also successfully transplanted sperm-producing stem cells with the goal of restoring fertility to barren breeding animals. The impact of scientific crop breeding was established by the ‘‘Green revolution’’ of the 1960s, when new wheat varieties with higher yields were developed by careful crop breeding. The following search string was used: TOPIC = (“biotech*”). Though it has roots in the late nineteenth century, when numerous scientists tried to grow samples in alien environments, cell culture is credited as truly beginning with the first concrete evidence of successful growth in vitro, demonstrated by Johns Hopkins University embryologist Ross Harrison in 1907. Can it be discussed by scientific investigation? View aims and scope. In the 1930s the Russian Nikolai Vavilov recognized the value of genetic diversity in domesticated crop plants and their wild relatives to crop improvement, and collected seeds from the wild to study total genetic diversity and use these in breeding programs. Technological innovations in genomic mapping and DNA sequencing, together with an explosion in research on the genetic basis of disease which culminated in the Human Genome Project (HGP), led to a range of genetic screening and testing for diseases traditionally recognized as genetic in origin and for susceptibility to more common diseases such as certain types of familial cancer, cardiac conditions, and neurological disorders among others. Research Topics: 1) Origin of populations from Europe and the Mediterranean area. Will virtual reality technologies change people? Should the National Institute of Health, which supports research projects without immediate practical applications, give more funding grants to practical research projects which promote medical help to individuals? People had after all progressed beyond their biological limits by means of technology. The earliest genetic screening tests detected inborn errors of metabolism and sex-linked disorders. The emergence of the chemical industry is widely taken as emblematic of the formal research and development taking place at the time. How biotechnology is serving a vital role in the field of new verities’ of flowers and vegetables? Biological value of fat-soluble vitamins 6. What can be the potential dangers of brain-controlling technologies? It looks like you’re using an outdated version of Internet Explorer that is not supported by the About Bioscience website. From 1962 major international conferences were held under the banner of the Global Impact of Applied Microbiology. At the end of the 1970s, new tax laws encouraged already adventurous U.S. investors to put money into small companies whose stock value might grow faster than their profits. New Research Papers In Biotechnology. Biometric features of papillary pattern 8. Should people be involved in Ancestry DNA testing? The function of the distinction has been to permit the use (in some countries) of the technique to generate potentially beneficial therapeutic applications from embryonic stem cell technology whilst prohibiting its use in human reproduction. This work was inspired by the need to find a way of reproducing sheep engineered to express human proteins in their milk. Explain whether using embryonic stem cells is necessary. Do you believe that regenerating human limbs can become a reality in the nearest future? Animals are also genetically designed to meet labor and sporting requirements for speed and endurance, conformation and beauty ideals to win show competitions, and intelligence levels to perform obediently at tasks such as herding, hunting, and tracking. Discuss what should define human racial identity? B. S. Haldane, Julian Huxley, and Lancelot Hogben, also promoted a concept of biotechnology in the period between the world wars. Many of the techniques involved in artificial insemination would lay the foundation for in vitro fertilization (IVF) in the latter half of the twentieth century. In 1973 the German government, seeking a new and ‘‘greener’’ industrial policy, commissioned a report entitled Biotechnologie that identified ways in which biological processing was key to modern developments in technology. The menu of genetic screening and testing technologies now available in most developed countries increased rapidly in the closing years of the twentieth century. Labiotech.eu. List of Biotechnology Research Laboratory, University, and Centre in India List of generic simulation software/tools/resource with brief description and homepage !!! Policy makers in both Germany and Japan during the 1970s were driven by a sense of the inadequacy of the last generation of technologies. Discuss whether adopting frozen embryos should be encouraged more widely in the contemporary society? The resulting cloned embryos could be used as a source from which to produce stem cells that can then be induced to specialize into the specific type of tissue required by the patient (such as skin for burns victims, brain neuron cells for Parkinson’s disease sufferers, or pancreatic cells for diabetics). Discussion of biotechnology at the end of the twentieth century was therefore colored by questions of whose assurances of good intent and reassurance of safety could be trusted. List of … Shelley had written in the shadow of Stahl’s theories. Early changes resulted from random crosspollination, rudimentary grafting, or spontaneous genetic change. Point out to the DNA, appearance, family and, finally, cultural environment aspects. Unfortunately, atoxyl also damaged the optic nerve. Remember that a topic choice can make or break your research paper. Gene mapping created the means for analyzing the expression patterns of hundreds of genes involved in biological pathways and for identifying single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that have diagnostic and therapeutic potential for treating specific diseases in individuals. 2.2. How do we define death? However, we guarantee that selecting a good topic and developing it well, you will be able to impress your instructor with the professional approach to work. My writer, #49823, presented a thorough and balanced analysis of the issue, and I am extremely satisfied. He envisioned a site that would fatten 50,000 swine at a time while railroad cars of sugar beet arrived and fat, hides, and meat departed. It also sparked controversy over potential health and ecological hazards due to the unprecedented ability to bypass traditional biological reproduction. The fear of excessive regulatory controls encouraged business and scientific leaders to express optimistic projections about the potential of biotechnology. Biotechnology was also used to help identify potential new drugs that might be made chemically, or synthetically. However, the public interest was not so much in the cloning of sheep that had just been achieved as in the cloning of people, which had not. Feedback of people, who used our services. The power of genetics to produce a desirable plant was established, and it was appreciated that controlled breeding (test crosses and back crosses) and careful analysis of the progeny could distinguish traits that were dominant or recessive, and establish pure breeding lines. Explain whether bypass surgeries should be utilized as a standard treatment for type 2 diabetes? The improvement of the human race, genetic manipulation of bacteria, and the development of fermentation technology were brought together by the development of penicillin during World War II. Get discount 10% for the first order. 100 Technology Paper Topics for Research Papers. The term biotechnology covers a broad range of processes and products and can be understood from at least two perspectives. Although biotechnology is often associated with the application of genetics, that is too narrow an interpretation. It was an aspect of the ‘‘second’’ Industrial Revolution during the period from 1870 to 1914. Two strains of eugenics emerged: negative eugenics associated with weeding out the weak and positive eugenics associated with enhancing strength. Are there any people or institutions that can decide the limits of genetic engineering usage? Check the mind-blowing list of the TOP 100 Research Paper Topics. Polysaccharides function in molecular recognition at cell membrane surfaces, form capsular barrier layers around cells, act as emulsifiers and adhesives, and serve as skeletal or architectural materials in plants. Every detail of my instructions was followed perfectly. Jean-Jacques Virey, a follower of the French naturalist Jean-Baptiste de Monet de Lamarck, had coined the term ‘‘biotechnie’’ in 1828 to describe man’s ability to make technology do the work of biology, but it was not till a century later that the term entered widespread use. The rationale is that because the original nuclear material is derived from a patient’s adult tissue, the risks of rejection of such cells by the immune system are reduced. Berlin, Germany About Blog Labiotech.eu is the leading digital media covering the … He tried to correct the bone marrow cells of two beta-thalassemia patients, one in Israel and the other in Italy. Rather unwittingly, for he was merely trying to settle a professional dispute regarding the origin of nerve fibers, Harrison fashioned a research tool that has since been designated by many as the greatest advance in medical science since the invention of the microscope. Biology research is a complex analytical work that is presented in clear findings and numerous biological occurrences’ explanations. Brazil introduced a national program of replacing oil-based petrol with alcohol in the 1970s. The genetic analysis of bacterial (prokaryote) genes and techniques for analysis of the higher (eukaryotic) organisms such as plants developed in parallel streams, but the rediscovery of Mendel’s work in 1900 fueled a burst of activity on understanding the role of genes in inheritance. Despite the success of penicillin in the 1940s, the major early advances in the treatment of infection occurred not through antibiosis but through chemotherapy. Modern biotechnology today includes the tools of genetic engineering. What Cline’s failure revealed, however, was that many researchers who condemned his trial as unethical were by then working toward similar goals and targeting different diseases with various delivery methods. One biotechnology topic is the genetic modification of crops. One of the oldest ideas for use of gene therapy is to produce anticancer vaccines. This was different from the ancient craft of brewing because of its thought-out relationships to science. Discuss the limits of the research on virtual reality? The Swedish biologist, Carl-Goran Heden, possibly influenced by German precedents, favored the term ‘‘Biotechnologi’’ and persuaded his friend Elmer Gaden to relabel his new journal Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering. Even if electronics or space travel offered routes to the bright industrial future, these fields seemed to be dominated by the U.S. Make an evaluation of the role of faith/religion in making decisions about reproductive technology usage? After the war, he detected a new era based on biology—the biotechnic era. Whether or not such developments become a major treatment modality, no one now believes, as MacFarland Burnet did in 1970, that gene therapy science has reached an end in its potential to advance health. Emergence and devel… The scarcity of resources on both sides during World War I brought together science and technology, further development of zymotechnology, and formulation of the concept of biotechnology. All you need to do is to choose one and develop a great essay. In 1997 Dolly the sheep was cloned from an adult mother in the Roslin agricultural research institute outside Edinburgh, Scotland. However, research topics still need to do enough research and gather a lot of data and facts from reliable sources in order to complete their research … For centuries, man kept the seed from the plants with improved characteristics to plant the following season’s crop. These were most famously conceptualized by the Prussian chemist Georg Ernst Stahl (1659–1734) in his 1697 treatise Zymotechnia Fundamentalis, in which he introduced the term zymotechnology. The term biotechnology came into popular use around 1980 and was understood to mean the industrial use of microorganisms to make goods and services (Commission of the European Communities, 1979). Biotechnology may be considered as any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or their derivatives. The economist Karl Ereky (1878–1952) planned to go further and build the largest industrial pig-processing factory. Rather the word has been used for almost a century to reflect a changing combination of the manipulation of organisms, the means of multiplying them using fermentation, and the extraction of useful products. What is the best way to help patients who have lost a limb? Microorganisms and Fermentation first appeared in Danish 1889 and would be translated, reedited, and reissued for the next 60 years. Discuss the concept of mechanical reproduction from an ethical perspective. Stanfield Rogers, working from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1970, had tried but failed to cure argininemia (a genetic disorder of the urea cycle that causes neurological damage in the form of mental retardation, seizures, and eventually death) in two German girls using Swope papilloma virus. Explain the cause of the recent increase in diabetes in the U.S.? Nonetheless the hitherto esoteric science of molecular biology was making considerable progress, although its practice in the early 1970s was rather distant from the world of industrial production. In Germany scarce oil-based lubricants were replaced by glycerol made by fermentation. At the same time agricultural products were also being developed. Small companies, such as Cetus and Genentech in California and Biogen in Cambridge, Massachusetts, were established to develop the techniques. ( chemotherapy ) analysis of the blending of commerce and the exploitation of life extensive and... 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